A safety- or emissions-related bulletin issued by the vehicle manufacturer, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or the Department of Transportation (DOT). These are different than a service bulletin.

A recall involves work that must be done at no charge to the consumer by an authorized dealer of the vehicle make involved.

Recalls have been on the rise in the last few years in the automotive industry. A few of the very large recalls that affect millions of vehicles are the GM ignition switch recall, foreign car air bag recall and the emissions cheating recall.